Eric Michel Catholic Ministry FAICL

SAINTS

Marie / Mary / Maria

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Saint Mary of Magdala

Patron Saint of EMMI FAICL

Mary Magdalene, sometimes called Mary of Magdala, or simply the Magdalene or the Madeleine, was a woman who, according to the four canonical gospels, travelled with Jesus as one of his followers and was a witness to his crucifixion and resurrection. She is mentioned by name 12 times in the canonical gospels, more than most of the apostles and more than any other woman in the gospels, other than Jesus's family. Mary's epithet Magdalene may mean that she came from the town of Magdala, a fishing town on the western shore of the Sea of Galilee in Roman Judea.

The Gospel of Luke 8:2–3 lists Mary Magdalene as one of the women who traveled with Jesus and helped support his ministry "out of their resources", indicating that she was probably wealthy. The same passage also states that seven demons had been driven out of her, a statement which is repeated in Mark 16. In all the four canonical gospels, Mary Magdalene was a witness to the crucifixion of Jesus and, in the Synoptic Gospels, she was also present at his burial. All the four gospels identified her, either alone or as a member of a larger group of women which includes Jesus's mother, as the first to witness the empty tomb, and, either alone or as a member of a group, as the first to witness Jesus's resurrection.

For these reasons, Mary Magdalene is known in some Christian traditions as the "apostle to the apostles". Mary Magdalene is a central figure in later Gnostic Christian writings, including The Dialogue of the Savior, the Pistis Sophia, the Gospel of Thomas, the Gospel of Philip, and the Gospel of Mary. These texts portray Mary Magdalene as an apostle, as Jesus's closest and most beloved disciple and the only one who truly understood his teachings. In the Gnostic texts or Gnostic gospels, Mary Magdalene's closeness to Jesus results in tension with another disciple, Peter, due to her sex and Peter's envy of the special teachings given to her. In the Gospel of Philip's text, she is described as Jesus's companion, as the disciple Jesus loved the most and the one Jesus kissed on the mouth,[3][4] which has led some people to conclude that she and Jesus were in a relationship. Some fiction portrays her as the wife of Jesus.

The portrayal of Mary Magdalene as a prostitute began in 591 when Pope Gregory I conflated Mary Magdalene, who was introduced in Luke 8:2, with Mary of Bethany (Luke 10:39) and the unnamed "sinful woman" who anointed Jesus's feet in Luke 7:36–50. Pope Gregory's Easter sermon resulted in a widespread belief that Mary Magdalene was a repentant prostitute or promiscuous woman. Then elaborate medieval legends from western Europe emerged which told exaggerated tales of Mary Magdalene's wealth and beauty, as well as of her alleged journey to southern Gaul (modern-day France.) The identification of Mary Magdalene with Mary of Bethany and the unnamed "sinful woman" was still a major controversy in the years leading up to the Reformation, and some Protestant leaders rejected it. During the Counter-Reformation, the Catholic Church emphasized Mary Magdalene as a symbol of penance. In 1969, Pope Paul VI removed the identification of Mary Magdalene with Mary of Bethany and the "sinful woman" from the General Roman Calendar, but the view of her as a former prostitute has persisted in popular culture.

Mary Magdalene is considered to be a saint by the Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, Anglican, and Lutheran churches. In 2016 Pope Francis raised the level of liturgical memory on July 22 from the memorial to feast, and for her to be referred to as the "Apostle of the apostles". Other Protestant churches honour her as a heroine of the faith. The Eastern Orthodox churches also commemorate her on the Sunday of the Myrrhbearers, the Orthodox equivalent of one of the Western Three Marys traditions.


Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mary_Magdalene

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In Odium Fidei

Christian de Chergé (18 janvier 1937 - 21 mai 1996) est un prêtre catholique français de l'ordre cistercien de la Stricte Observance qui fait partie des sept moines de Tibhirine vivant en Algérie pris en otage et assassinés en 1996.

Reconnu martyr par l'Église catholique en janvier 2018, il a été proclamé bienheureux avec les dix-huit autres martyrs d'Algérie le 8 décembre 2018.


Paul Gabriel Dochier, plus connu sous son nom de religion de Frère Luc, né le 31 janvier 1914 à Bourg-de-Péage (Drôme) et mort assassiné le 20 avril 1996, est l'un des sept moines de Tibhirine tués pendant les années noires des années 1993-2000 en Algérie qui ont provoqué la mort de 200 000 personnes. Le destin de ces moines trappistes a inspiré le film de Xavier Beauvois, Des hommes et des dieux, primé au festival de Cannes en 2010, et dans lequel il est interprété par Michael Lonsdale. Inclus au groupe des martyrs d'Algérie, il a été proclamé bienheureux le 8 décembre 2018.

Christophe Lebreton est un religieux français, membre du groupe des moines de Tibhirine, né à Blois le 11 octobre 1950, tué le 21 mai 1996 en Algérie. Il est reconnu martyr par le pape François en janvier 2018, et proclamé bienheureux le 8 décembre 2018 à Oran, en même temps que les autres martyrs d'Algérie. Ses écrits, publiés après sa mort, révèlent sa poésie et sa profondeur spirituelle.

Michel Fleury, né le 21 mai 1944 à Sainte-Anne-sur-Brivet, religieux trappiste français, moine depuis 1981, en Algérie depuis 1985. Membre de l'Institut du Prado, il était le cuisinier de la communauté.

Christian Charles Joseph Lemarchand (en religion Père Bruno), né le 1er mars 1930 à Saint-Maixent-l'École (Deux-Sèvres) et mort (assassiné) après le 20 avril 1996 en Algérie est un moine trappiste français de l'abbaye Notre-Dame de l'Atlas à Tibhirine qui, avec six confrères, fut enlevé et assassiné dans des circonstances non encore élucidées. Le dossier en vue d'une éventuelle béatification a été ouvert en 2007, dans le diocèse d'Alger, et a abouti à sa proclamation comme bienheureux le 8 décembre 2018.

Célestin Marie Georges Maxime Ringeard, né le 29 juillet 1933 à Touvois en Loire-Atlantique et mort en Algérie après la fin avril 1996, est l'un des sept moines de Tibhirine dont le destin a inspiré le film Des hommes et des dieux de Xavier Beauvois, primé au festival de Cannes en 2010. Le procès diocésain en vue de l'ouverture de la cause de béatification des moines et de douze autres religieux ou religieuses, assassinés pendant les « années de plomb » (1993-2000) en Algérie, a démarré en 2007 et a abouti : Célestin Ringeard est proclamé bienheureux le 8 décembre 2018 en même temps que les autres martyrs d'Algérie.

Paul Auguste Favre-Miville, plus connu sous le nom de Frère Paul, né le 17 avril 1939 à Vinzier en Haute-Savoie et mort fin avril ou début mai 1996 en Algérie, est l'un des sept moines de Tibhirine dont le destin inspira le film de Xavier Beauvois Des hommes et des dieux, sorti en 2010. Il est reconnu martyr, puis proclamé bienheureux le 8 décembre 2018

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